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SHIVAJI, the great Hindu king in India escaped from the clutches of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb at Agra in 1666 AD.

This website gives brief information on how Shivaji escaped from Agra, based on in-depth research using original historical documents, the psychology of Shivaji, Aurangzeb and his Mansabdars, political and social practices in the Moghul court and empire, climate during that period, various land routes of communication used at that time, terrain or actual geography,modes of transport, and various important events.

The following pages contain excerpts from the recently published book in Marathi language "Agryahun Sutka". This book of about 300 pages has won two literary awards - Dr. Jayashri Gune Prize from Dnyanaprabodhini Sanshodhan Sanstha (Sanskrut Sanskruti Sanshodhika) and Nyayamurthy M. G. Ranade Prize from Maharashtra Granthottejak Sanstha, Pune.

The Marathi book "AGRYAHUN SUTKA", has been written by Dr. Ajit Joshi and published by Shivapratap Prakashan, Pune.
Dr. Ajit Joshi started research on this topic in 1995 and published the 4th version of the writing in 1997. He used original historical documents for the landmark research following the guidelines suggested by the great historian, Itihaasacharya Shri Vishwanath Kashinath Rajwade. He has stated that when narrating a historical event, the historian must take into consideration the place, time and also the personalities, i.e., their psychology, involved in the event.
The first article on the new hypothesis was published in the Marahthi Daily Kesari on 17 September 1995. An improved version of the hypothesis appeared in two parts in the Marathi monthly Ekata in January and February 1996. After the research was completed, the full hypothesis was published in 14 parts in the Marathi weekly Saptahik Sakal during January-April 1997.
After the book was published in June 1997, it was conferred Dr. Jayashri Gune Award by Sanskrut Sanskruti Sanshodhika, the research wing of Dnyanaprabodhini, Pune, in August 1997. The Maharashtra Granthottejak Sanstha (formerly Deccan Vernacular Translation Society) honored the book with Nyayamurthy M. G. Ranade Award in May 2000, at its 106th award distribution ceremony.


A lot of people have praised the book.

The daily Kesari started by Lokamanya Tilak, printed a chapter from the book at the time of publication of the book in June 1997.

A detailed review of AGRYAHUN SUTKA" appeared in the leading Marathi daily Maharashtra Times in November 1997.

The book was also reviewed by the Marathi monthly Ekata, published from Pune.

The great Marathi critic Dr. V. D. Kulkarni (Va. Di.) praised the book profusely at the time of presenting the Ny. M. G. Ranade prize. He said, "Even though the book contains historical research, its presentation and readability are very good. The proofs presented and conclusions drawn are perfectly logical, just like those in scientific research. However, the language has lalitya and is easy to understand and the agony of footnotes, which generally accompanies historical research, has been avoided! The personalities and psychology of the persons involved in a historical event have been considered for the first time in drawing conclusions in this book. The author shows great imagination but all within the boundaries of the available evidence.Also, though the author is a chemical technologist and has studied in English medium, the Marathi language is quite pure and without mistakes."

The great historical novelist, Shri N. S. Inamdar (Na. Sa.) has also praised the book.

SHIVAJI is only the second Hindu king who established the Hindu kingdom from scratch against the odds of surrounding Islamic kingdoms. The first ones were Harihar and Bukka guided by the sage Swami Vidyaranya in early 1300s. Their Vijaynagar empire was destroyed by the combined muuslim forces in 1565. Shivaji started establishing his kingdom using his fathers Pune jahagir as the base in about 1642 and went on to become Chhatrapati in 1674 AD. This is significant in the light of continuous Islamic attacks on Hindustan since the 11th century. The kingdom of Devagiri in southern Hindustan fell in the beginning of 1300s. And only after a few years Vijaynagar kingdom was founded which lasted till 1565. Then it took about 80 years to create the second Hindu king Shivaji in the same region!


Dr. Ajit Joshi has a doctorate in chemical technology from UDCT, Mumbai (Bombay), India. He carried out the research work on the topic of Shivaji's escape from Agra during 1995 - 1997 and published the book 'Agryahun Sutka' in 1997. He has cited 103 references.